United Nations Security Council
Security Council is the UN's most powerful organ, responsible for maintaining peace and security. It was formed in 1945. It has 15 Council members. Five of these — China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States — are permanent members. The other 10 are elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression.
Agenda Item 1 : Yemen Crisis
Yemen has the largest humanitarian crisis in the world,with more than 22 million people in need of humanitarian assistance,including more than 11 million children. Since the conflict escalated in March 2015, the country has become a living hell for the country’s children .
The conflict has its roots in the failure of a political transition supposed to bring stability to Yemen following on Arab spring uprising that forced its longtime authoritarian president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to hand over power to his deputy,Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, in 2011.
After four years of catastrophic conflict, millions of Yemenis are just one step away from famine without life-saving aid in the coming months, thousands of lives are at risk due to ongoing violence and lack of access to food and medicine.
Agenda Item 2 : Donbass War
The War in Donbass is an armed conflict in the Donbass region of Ukraine. From the beginning of March 2014, protests by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in Ukraine, commonly collectively called the "Donbass", in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the Euromaidan movement. These demonstrations, which followed the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, escalated into an armed conflict between the separatist forces of the self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics, and the Ukrainian government. Since the conflict originated, more than 10.000 people have been killed and over one million have been displaced. Since the start of the conflict there have been more than twenty ceasefires, each intended to remain in force indefinitely, but none of them stopped the violence. The most successful attempt to halt the fighting was in 2016, when a ceasefire held for six consecutive weeks. The latest ceasefire came into force on 8 March 2019, which led to a significant decrease of fighting in the following days.