United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention, UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices. It is mandated to assist the Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism.
Agenda Item 1 : Combating The Hawala System
Hawala is an alternative remittance system. It exists and operates outside of parallel to traditional banking. It was developed in India and is similar to "chop", "chit" or "flying money" systems in China and also used around the world. These systems are often referred to as underground banking. The components of hawala that distinguish from other remittance systems are trusted on regional affiliations. Transfers of money based on communication between network members of hawaladars or hawala dealers. It is mostly used in illegal cases such as drug trafficking. Also in this system, no records are kept and it is almost impossible to track the transferred money..
Agenda Item 2 : Corruption in Prison Systems
Prison corruptions are happening all over the world. Most of the countries are trying to develop their prisons and combat the corruptions. In the most basic version of corruption, most of the officers accept bribes or sexual favors to smuggle weapons, drugs or cell phones to prisoners. Countries have laws about this issue but some guards or managers do not comply with these laws. This is one of the reasons for increasing crime rates.