GA-4 : SPECPOL
Special Political & Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL) is one of the six main committees of the United Nations General Assembly. At the beginning, SPECPOL was established as the Decolonization Committee to end the colonization actions. After the rate of the colonization actions had decreased, the Decolonization Committee united with the Special Political Committee. SPECPOL has 193 member states, meeting once a year. The main objective of SPECPOL is significant political matters, such as self-determination, decolonization and other international security concerns.
Agenda Item 1 : Conflict in Western Sahara
The region of Western Sahara shares borders with Mauritania and Morocco. It has rich mineral stratum, that is why from past to today, a lot of countries, such as Mauritania, Morocco and Spain, wanted to capture this area. The conflict is an ongoing conflict between the Polisario Front and the Kingdom of Morocco. It escalated after the withdrawal of Spain from the Spanish Sahara in accordance with the Madrid Accords. Today the conflict is dominated by unarmed civil campaigns of the Polisario Front and their self-proclaimed SADR state to gain fully recognized independence for Western Sahara. The questions of mutual recognition, the establishment of a possible Sahrawi state and the large numbers of Sahrawi refugees displaced by the conflict are among the key issues of the ongoing Western Sahara peace process. We wish the delegates to discuss upon the conflict attentively to end it.
Agenda Item 2 : Demilitarization of the Arctic
As known, the Arctic has rich petrol, natural gas, and mineral resources. Also it is an important location for water transportation. That is the reason why Borderlands (USA, Russia, Danmark, Canada, and Norway) are increasing the tension by staking a claim on this area and it causing to armament race. To prevent further wars and maintain the peace not only in land and but also in the Arctic, delegates are expected to discuss upon the possible solutions on the purpose of demilitarization for the good of humanity.